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Posts Tagged ‘participatory media’

Discussion points – Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture

November 3rd, 2009 No comments

Given that we were asked to read Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture entirely on the computer, it is appropriate that discussion notes should also be posted and read entirely on the computer as well.

According to Jenkins, participatory culture allows “artistic expression and civic engagement,” gives support for sharing with others, includes “mentorship … [for] … novices,” contributions of participants are meaningful, and connect people socially. (Jenkins, 7)

Jenkins also states that young people already are part of participatory culture through affiliations with online communities, expression through creative work using media, already utilize collaborative problem solving by working with others, and circulation by sharing of media (Jenkins, 8 )

The above can be affected by what Jenkins refers to as:

  • the participation gap – unequal access to technology (Jenkins, 3, 12)
  • the transparency problem – students’ potential lack of knowledge regarding the media itself (Jenkins, 3, 14)
  • the ethics challenge – the “breakdown of tradition forms” and students’ growth in media use and participation (Jenkins, 3, 16)

Personal note/direct observation – world of warcraft participants can create their own maps and societies and invite others to join them – this is a clear example of a young person experimenting with participatory culture

Jenkins says there are certain skills that young people utilize in participatory culture (Jenkins mentions both middle/secondary school as well as young college students) – those skills need to be nurtured and by educators and utilized to help students’ growth – the following terms define Jenkins’ theories – definitions can be found in the texzt on pages 4 and 56:

  • Play
  • Performance
  • Simulation
  • Appropriation
  • Multitasking
  • Distributed Cognition
  • Collective Intelligence
  • Judgment
  • Transmedia Navigation
  • Networking
  • Negotiation

We can define and discuss our understanding of the terms from Jenkins text noted above.

The definition of literacy evolves with the blog

September 9th, 2009 1 comment

Jill Walker Rettberg does a fantastic job of following the development of “web-logs” and the expanding definition of literacy in her book, Blogging:  Digital Media and Society Series. She finds the progression of communication is directly proportional to the broadening definition of literacy, making some of the same points and references that we mentioned in class.
Rettberg uses the introduction of the written word in ancient Greece as her starting point. Plato favored oral communication for its immediate acceptance of a response or objection from the listener. Stories, theories or arguments that were written, rather than spoken, and were questioned or found to be incorrect, could not be retracted as easily (32).
We’ve come a long way since Plato’s time. Since the creation of high-speed Internet and the ever-declining cost of computers, many more people are able to become a part of the “participatory media” (1). The shift from the uni-directional mass media that Plato seems to almost have predicted forming, to participatory media, via easy-to-use technology that is in many cases mobile, has many journalists concerned about the future of news.
Rettberg does a fairly good job of remaining unbiased while portraying arguments for bloggers’ comments on current events and the reporting news, and the opposing views of media-employed journalists in pursuit of truth.
She lists three types of bloggers without structured guidelines to abide by that may convey more truthful, unfiltered angles to stories: chance witnesses, gatewatchers and opinionists. Journalists, however, check their sources and represent the companies they work for, and so, would not publish falsities to protect the credibility of both their own names, as well as company names. The bloggers refute the argument of credibility by arguing that all news is filtered and chosen by the editors. Comments are at the discretion of the editor (85).
I’m left thinking about one puissant quote by journalist Abbott Joseph Liebling that Rettberg uses to introduce both arguments, “Freedom of the press is guaranteed only to those who own one” (84). Maybe bloggers need to be respected as reporters, too, as literacy evolves to support participatory media.